Effective Microorganisms (EM) have a wide variety of uses in both organic and conventional farming. In farming and agriculture, EM technology generates an ideal environment in the soil and on the foliar surface while concurrently stimulating the microorganisms in the soil, resulting in quicker soil heating and an early start of the growing season. Effective Microorganisms (EM) are mixed cultures of naturally existing beneficial microbes that can be used as inoculants to boost soil ecosystem microbial diversity. They are mostly composed of photosynthetic bacteria, lactic acid bacteria, yeasts, actinomycetes, and fermentation fungi. These microbes are physiologically compatible and can live together in liquid culture. There is evidence that EM soil inoculation can increase soil quality, plant growth as well as crop yield.
Source- Krishi jagran